Hardware and Sofware Requirement

A general system design can be done with a pen and a piece of paper to determine how the system will look like and how it will function, and then a detailed and expanded system design is produced, and it will meet all functional and technical requirements, logically and physically.The requirements in the following section apply to the following installations:Server farm with a single server in the farm Server farm with multiple servers in the farm Important: If you contact Microsoft Customer Support Services about a production system that does not meet the minimum hardware specifications described in this document, support will be limited until the system is upgraded to the minimum requirements.In this article:Hardware requirements—location of physical serversHardware requirements—web servers, application servers, and single server installationsSoftware requirementsOptional softwareLinks to applicable softwarePrerequisite installer operations and command line-optionsHardware requirements: Location of physical serversSome enterprises have datacenters that are in close proximity to one another and connected by high-bandwidth fiber optic links. In this environment, you can configure the two datacenters as a single farm. This distributed farm topology is called a stretchedd farm. Stretched farms for SharePoint Server 2016 are supported.For a stretched farm architecture to work as a supported high-availability solution, the following prerequisites must be met:There is a highly consistent intra-farm latency of <1 ms one way, 99.9% of the time over a period of ten minutes. (Intra-farm latency is commonly defined as the latency between the front-end web servers and the database servers.)The bandwidth speed must be at least 1 gigabit per second.To provide fault tolerance in a stretched farm, use the standard best practice guidance to configure redundant service applications and databases.

Note:The intra-farm latency of <1 ms one way, 99,9% of the time over a period of ten minutes is also required for SharePoint environments with servers that are located in the same datacenter. The bandwidth speed should also be in this case at least 1 gigabit per second.Hardware requirements: Web servers, application servers, and MinRole installationsThe values in the following table are minimum values for installations on a web and application servers that are running SharePoint Server 2016 in a multiple server farm installation.For all installation scenarios, you must have sufficient hard disk space for the base installation and sufficient space for diagnostics such as logging, debugging, creating memory dumps, and so on. For production use, you must also have additional free disk space for day-to-day operations. In addition, maintain two times as much free space as you have RAM for production environments.For information about hardware and software requirements for Microsoft SQL Server 2014, see Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2014.


 

 

 

Installation scenarioDeployment type and scaleRAMProcessorHard disk space
Single server role that uses SQL ServerDevelopment or evaluation installation of SharePoint Server 2016 with the minimum recommended services for development environments. Use the Single-Server farm role that will let you choose which service applications to provision. For additional information on Single-Server farm role, see Overview of MinRole Server Roles in SharePoint Server 201616 GB64-bit, 4 cores80 GB for system drive100 GB for second drive
Single server role that uses SQL ServerPilot or user acceptance test installation of SharePoint Server 2016 running all available services for development environments.24 GB64-bit, 4 cores80 GB for system drive100 GB for second drive and additional drives
Web server or application server in a three-tier farmDevelopment or evaluation installation of SharePoint Server 2016 with a minimum number of services.12 GB64-bit, 4 cores80 GB for system drive80 GB for second drive
Web server or application server in a three-tier farmPilot, user acceptance test, or production deployment of SharePoint Server 2016 running all available services.16 GB64-bit, 4 cores80 GB for system drive80 GB for second drive and additional drives

Deployment requirements: Farm Topology

For information about how to plan for a server deployment, see Planning for a MinRole server deployment in SharePoint Server 2016.

Software requirements for SharePoint Server 2016

The requirements in the following section apply to the following installations:

  • Server farm with a single server in the farm
  • Server farm with multiple servers in the farm
Note:
Before you install the prerequisite installer, you need to install Windows RT 8.1, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 update: April 2014. The SharePoint prerequisite installer does not install this update for you.
Note:
SharePoint Server 2016 supports drives that are formatted with the Resilient File System (ReFS). For additional information about ReFs, see Resilient File System Overview and Resilient File System
Important:
SharePoint Server 2016 does not support single label domain names. For more information, see Information about configuring Windows for domains with single-label DNS names.

The Microsoft SharePoint Products Preparation Tool can assist you in the installation of the software prerequisites for SharePoint Server 2016. Ensure that you have an Internet connection because some prerequisites are installed from the Internet.

Minimum software requirements for SharePoint Server 2016

This section provides minimum software requirements for each server in the farm.

Minimum requirements for a database server in a farm

One of the following:

  • The 64-bit edition of Microsoft SQL Server 2014 Service Pack 1 (SP1)
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2016 RTM
Note:
To take advantage of any BI scenarios, you must have the latest Powerview and PowerPivot add-ins for Microsoft SQL Server 2016 RTM. To download the PowerPivot add-ins see, Microsoft® SQL Server® 2016 PowerPivot® for Microsoft SharePoint® 2016
Note:
SQL Server Express is not supported.

One of the following server operating systems:

  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter

Minimum requirements for SharePoint servers in a farm

One of the following server operating systems:

  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
Note:
We don’t support installing the Office 2016 client and SharePoint Server 2016 on the same computer.

The Microsoft SharePoint Products Preparation Tool installs the following prerequisites on SharePoint servers in a farm:

  • Web Server (IIS) role
  • Application Server role
  • Microsoft .NET Framework version 4.6
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Service Pack 1 Native Client
  • Microsoft WCF Data Services 5.6
  • Microsoft Identity Extensions
  • Microsoft Information Protection and Control Client (MSIPC)
  • Microsoft Sync Framework Runtime v1.0 SP1 (x64)
  • Windows Server AppFabric 1.1
  • Cumulative Update Package 7 for Microsoft AppFabric 1.1 for Windows Server (KB 3092423)
  • Microsoft ODBC Driver 11 for SQL Server
  • Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012
  • Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2015

Minimum requirements for client computers

Optional software supported in SharePoint Server 2016

The optional software in this section is supported but is not required to install or use SharePoint Server 2016. This software might be required by capabilities such as business intelligence.

EnvironmentOptional software
Single server farm, front-end web servers, and application servers in a farm.NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server (part of Microsoft .NET Framework).NET Framework Data Provider for OLE DB (part of Microsoft .NET Framework)Workflow ManagerYou can install Workflow Manager on a dedicated computer.Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 Reporting Services Add-in for Microsoft SharePoint TechnologiesThis add-in is used by Access Services for SharePoint Server 2016.Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Data-Tier Application (DAC) Framework 64-bit editionMicrosoft SQL Server 2012 Transact-SQL ScriptDom 64-bit editionMicrosoft System CLR Types for Microsoft SQL Server 2012 64-bit editionMicrosoft SQL Server 2012 with SP1 LocalDB 64-bit editionMicrosoft Data Services for the .NET Framework 4 and Silverlight 4 (formerly ADO.NET Data Services)Exchange Web Services Managed API, version 1.2Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 Remote Blob Store which is part of the Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 Feature PackSQL Server 2008 R2 Analysis Services ADOMD.NET

Links to applicable software

To install Windows Server 2012 R2, SQL Server 2014 Service Pack 1 (SP1) , or SharePoint Server 2016, you can go to the websites that are listed in this section. You can install most software prerequisites through the SharePoint Server 2016 Start page. The software prerequisites are also available from websites that are listed in this section. You can enable the Web Server (IIS) role and the Application Server role in Server Manager.

In scenarios where installing prerequisites directly from the Internet is not possible, you can download the prerequisites and then install them from a network share. For more information, see Install prerequisites for SharePoint Server 2016 from a network share.

Prerequisite installer operations and command-line options

The SharePoint Server 2016 prerequisite installer (prerequisiteinstaller.exe) installs the following software, if it has not already been installed on the target server, in the following order:

  1. Application Server Role, Web Server (IIS) Role
  2. Microsoft SQL Server 2012 SP1 Native Client
  3. Microsoft ODBC Driver 11 for SQL Server
  4. Microsoft Sync Framework Runtime v1.0 SP1 (x64)
  5. Windows Server AppFabric 1.1
  6. Microsoft Identity Extensions
  7. Microsoft Information Protection and Control Client 2.1
  8. Microsoft WCF Data Services 5.6
  9. Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6
  10. Cumulative Update Package 7 for Microsoft AppFabric 1.1 for Windows Server (KB 3092423)
  11. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012
  12. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2015

Installation options

Certain prerequisites are installed by the prerequisite installer with specific options. Those prerequisites with specific installation options are listed below with the options that are used by the prerequisite installer.

  • Windows AppFabric/i CacheClient,CachingService,CacheAdmin /gac
  • Microsoft WCF Data Services/quiet

The prerequisite installer creates log files at %TEMP%\prerequisiteinstaller..